Controlling Gestational Diabetes - gestational diabetes occurs during the time of pregnancy, hence the name gestational diabetes. Changing hormones and weight gain make it hard for a woman's body to keep up with the need of insulin. In the past, it has been viewed as a disease that wasn't a threat and usually disappeared after the birth of the baby. However, now it is considered a warning sign for both the mother and the baby of metabolic changes that may affect them for life.
Why does Gestational Diabetes occur and how do I go about Controlling Gestational Diabetes?
The placenta produces a hormone that goes against the affect of insulin on blood sugar. Women who have a history of diabetes in the family are more sensitive to this hormone. Mothers who have experienced gestational diabetes should be aware of what the symptoms of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are and be aware of the steps to take to controlling gestational diabetes.
About 200,000 women, in the United States, develop gestational diabetes each year. The statistics are that five to ten percent of women will continue with Type 2 diabetes after the birth of their baby. Twenty to fifty percent may develop Type 2 diabetes later in life. Children of mothers with gestational diabetes are more at risk for obesity and developing diabetes as teens or adults. So you can begin to see why it shouldn't be ignored and a plan for controlling gestational diabetes is necessary to lessen the potential life impacts to both mother and child.
Studies on controlling gestational diabetes show that it is possible for women to reduce the risks by watching their diet and exercise. In fact, women who went on to control their weight, exercise, and their diet had a 58 percent decrease in their risk for developing diabetes.
Women in the 26-28 weeks of pregnancy are routinely checked for blood glucose levels. In an effort to ensure a plan for controlling gestational diabetes every pregnant woman is now checked during this time. Uncontrolled diabetes may cause babies to have a delayed maturity level, stillbirth, and poor placenta function. Women who carry large babies, nine pounds or more are more at risk for developing gestational diabetes.
Other risks are women who are already overweight when becoming pregnant, had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy, and those who have a damaged glucose tolerance.
Other potential risk causes come from race, nationality, and cultural differences. Some of these causes could be related to economic differences and the difference in diets. The women found to be at a higher risk and in need of a plan to control gestational diabetes are American Indians, Asian Americans, African-Americans, Pacific islanders, and Hispanics.
Knowing your risks and how to avoid them makes a difference towards preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes after the baby is born.
Exercise is important, if you are already exercising when you become pregnant, it is important you remain active to the limits of your body. Low impact exercising, yoga, or water aerobics are choices for those women who are not on a regular exercise program.
Diet is important. Drinking plenty of water, with a diet high in fiber and low fats are necessary for a healthy diet. Refined sugar should be cut out if possible, if not, cut out as much as possible. Watch your fat intake also. Eat plenty of fresh vegetables and low fat proteins.
If you have questions about controlling gestational diabetes, or have been diagnosed with it, talk to your doctor and ask questions.